SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME Print

Aleksandar Ilievski, Igor Bernik

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to highlight the main issues of developing countries regarding cybercrime and examine the possible link between weak economic development and escalating levels of cybercrime. The findings were established on the basis of literature review, comparative studies and the synthesis of findings. The existing sociological theories of crime are not limited to traditional crime and may be used for the interpretation of its cyber version. By analysing individual sociological theories and the results of empirical research, we found that social-economic factors, such as GDP per capita, unemployment and education, are closely related to the incidence of cybercrime in different countries. This enables us to conclude that the relatively poor economic development is one of the reasons contributing to a higher incidence of cybercrime in Eastern European countries. By taking into account factors of different nature, one could increase the understanding of cybercrime and the possibility of adopting and implementing reliable preventive measures. However, this paper strives not only to understand the factors related to cybercrime, but also to raise awareness, stimulate a proactive approach and develop preventive actions in the fight against cybercrime.

Keywords: social-economic aspects, cybercrime, economic development.

Aleksandar Ilievski, Ph.D. candidate at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are cybercrime, cyber security and combating cybercrime. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Igor Bernik, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Information Security and the Head of the Information Security Department at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are information systems, cybersecurity, cyberwarfare, cyberterrorism and the growing requirements for cybersecurity awareness. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Ilievski Aleksandar, Bernik Igor. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:8-22, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art1.pdf 

 

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