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Issues in 2013


PREFERENCE FOR VISUAL MOTIFS IN FIRST GRADES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL Print E-mail

Matjaž Duh, Jerneja Herzog, Špela Ros

Abstract

A visual motif is an important component of an art project and is the thing initially detected in the visual art. A suitable introduction into visual motifs is provided by art education classes. A teacher can enable a successful execution of an art project to a pupil, only with a detailed introduction into visual motifs. These are not defined with the curriculum; instead, they are freely chosen by the teacher himself. The motifs should be more unusual, out of the ordinary, colourful and original. With the right approach and the selection of artworks, the teacher can develop artistic creativity in his pupils. At the same time, pupils can develop the ability for observation, critical analysis and evaluation of visual art.

In this article, a study is presented, whose purpose was to examine the preferences for visual motifs by gender and stratum of pupils on 4th level of primary school. The findings show the differences are more commonly reflected through gender, and less through stratum from which the pupils originate.

Keywords: visual art, preference for visual motifs, primary school, 10 years old pupils

Ph.D. Matjaž Duh is Associate professor at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Jerneja Herzog, prof. art. edu. is Assistant at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Špela Ros, prof. is a external expert of the University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Duh Matjaž, Herzog Jerneja, Ros Špela. PREFERENCE FOR VISUAL MOTIFS IN FIRST GRADES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:92-116, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art06

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art06

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art06.pdf

 
RALPH DAHRENDORF’S CONFLICT THEORY OF SOCIAL DIFFERENTIATION AND ELITE THEORY Print E-mail

Jacek Tittenbrun

Abstract

Dahrendorf’s conception of social differentiation poses some interesting theoretical problems inasmuch as it, owing to its putative associations with Marx’s framework, is regarded as a class theory, but in fact displays also some salient characteristics of stratification approaches, while lacking some core characteristics of class theory. Upon scrutiny, however, it turns out that it is most closely related to the framework of elite theory. This is revealed when Dahrendorf’s treatment of social differentiation is compared with some approaches representative of the aforementioned theory.

Keywords: conflict theory, class, social stratification, class theory, elite theory, Mosca, Pareto

Jacek Tittenbrun, Ordinary Professor, Chair of History of Sociology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan

Cite this article:
Tittenbrun Jacek. RALPH DAHRENDORF’S CONFLICT THEORY OF SOCIAL DIFFERENTIATION AND ELITE THEORY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:117-140, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art07

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art07

 
POSSIBILITIES FOR INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH: INFORMATION VISUALIZATION AND EXPERIMENT IN INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH Print E-mail

Dejan Ulcej, Uroš Svete

Abstract

In addition to universal social changes, the information revolution also brought a lot of innovation to the workings of intelligence services, which are traditionally the part of the national security system that is conducting data analyses and for which information is the primary product. If in the past the main problem and challenge has been the timely acquisition of data, today most agencies are faced with an entirely different problem - information overload. This problem is being tackled by technical as well as systemic measures that combine various types of intelligence work. However, there are still unanswered questions regarding the applicability of intelligence products for decision makers. Here we have to point out information visualization as the subject of an interdisciplinary scientific research that definitely shows a lot of potential in the context of the defense science as well. This article points out three key requirements that allow the application of information visualization to defense research: (1) the concept of the intelligence cycle can be used as a good basis for the information that is subject to visualization; (2) the quality of decision-making support information depends on proper visualization; (3) the first two requirements offer a stable theoretical and empirical basis for the introduction of innovative scientific methods in the field of defense science, such as experiments.

Keywords: intelligence, information quality, information visualization, experiment

Dejan Ulcej is a Ph.D. candidate and post-graduate student at University of Ljubljana.

Dr. Uroš Svete is an assistant professor at Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana.

Cite this article:
Ulcej Dejan, Svete Uroš. POSSIBILITIES FOR INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH: INFORMATION VISUALIZATION AND EXPERIMENT IN INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:141-160, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art08

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art08

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art08.pdf

 

 
CHALLENGES OF AGING LABOR FORCE IN AN ORGANIZATION Print E-mail

Marjan Petrišič, Milan Ambrož

Abstract

This paper examines the impacts of the changes of the composition of the ageing labor force on the skills and knowledge transfer in an organization. The changing individual needs of older individuals are creating powerful, labor dynamic incentives. For the management organizations from private and public sector, this is an organizational challenge linked to cultural transformation on the level of organization. The results of the study show that the manager and non-manager respondents have the unique aspect of the role of senior employees in some small Slovenian organizations. Managers in the sample based on their managerial experience, see the older workers in an organization primarily as transformers of jobs to younger employees, which should be courteous and efficient and should help the organization competitiveness. Non – managers’ respondents give priority to employment and retirement strategy for senior employees and maintain a positive view of older employees’ motives and productivity. Further, non – managers point to the need to keep older workers with unique skills and competences in an organization. We conclude that organizations will meet the challenge of ageing labor force in the near future. They will have to start the organizational culture, which will promote business change and continuous flow of skills and competences through inter-generation model.

Keywords: senior employees, ageing, stereotypes, organizational culture, strategy, competences, transformation

Marjan Petrišič is a doctoral student at ECM Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Milan Ambrož is an Associate Professor at B & B College of logistics studies Kranj, Slovenia Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Petrišič Marjan, Ambrož Milan. CHALLENGES OF AGING LABOR FORCE IN AN ORGANIZATION. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:161-180, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art09

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art09

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art09.pdf

 
IDENTIFYING AND CHANGING STEREOTYPES BETWEEN ROMA AND NON-ROMA: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE Print E-mail

Gregor Maučec

Abstract

Having shortly delineated and theoretically defined the concept of stereotypes (as collective social constructs) and stereotyping as such, the author turns to much more complex issue as to how to identify and change stereotypes about Roma, which are deeply rooted in mainstream European societies where they live and also those stereotypes that are nurtured and strictly followed by the Roma and which relate to non-Roma. The author arrives at a conclusion that today one can note several factors and conditions in European countries which still nurture and further reinforce especially anti-Roma stereotypes. According to him, the specific and carefully elaborated stereotypes-oriented policies and strategies which favour mutual education, knowledge and understanding as well as ongoing contact and dialogue between the two different ethnic, social and cultural identities at both EU and member states levels are conditio sine qua non for the enhanced and overall Roma inclusion and integration.

Keywords: stereotypes, stereotyping, collective social representations, Roma - non-Roma relationships

Dr. Gregor Maučec is a JSPS postdoctoral fellow at the Faculty of Law, University of Kyoto, Japan ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Maučec Gregor. IDENTIFYING AND CHANGING STEREOTYPES BETWEEN ROMA AND NON-ROMA: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:181-202, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art10

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art10

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art10.pdf

 
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