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Issues in 2013


PRESERVATION OR DEGRADATION OF LOCAL CULTURAL ASSETS IN CENTRAL TOKYO – THE CASE OF THE PLANS TO RELOCATE THE TSUKIJI FISH MARKET Print E-mail

Matjaz Ursic

Abstract
Most cultural-led redevelopment projects in today’s global cities are devised with the clear objective of stimulating their economic growth. Redevelopment schemes usually aim to develop consumption services and urban settings to make the city more attractive for investors. In many cases, redevelopment has led to a diminishment in diversity of local cultural spaces in the inner-city areas. Historically and socially important services and institutions like Tokyo’s Tsukiji Fish Market tend to be relocated and replaced by less traditional and culturally less attractive spaces. This short-term strategy cannot really succeed in preserving or integrating local cultures, which may in the long run help Tokyo to become distinctively different from other global competing cities and to benefit from these advantages. The article analyses the plans to renovate or redevelop specific local consumption spaces in Tokyo, and explores what mechanisms and strategies are being used by the involved actors to accomplish their goals.

Keywords: urban policies, culture, preservation

Matjaz Ursic, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Spatial Sociology

Cite this article:
Ursic Matjaz . PRESERVATION OR DEGRADATION OF LOCAL CULTURAL ASSETS IN CENTRAL TOKYO – THE CASE OF THE PLANS TO RELOCATE THE TSUKIJI FISH MARKET. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:35-63, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art03.pdf

 
COMBATING DISCRIMINATION ON THE GROUNDS OF DISABILITY IN INTERNATIONAL AND EU LAW Print E-mail

Gregor Maučec

Abstract
The article provides for a critical overview of international and in particular EU human rights and non-discrimination frameworks relevant and applicable to unequal treatment of persons with disabilities. Having considered the contents and scope of relevant international human rights and non-discrimination provisions the author turns to the questions as to how these provisions might be exercised, who the rights holders and duty bearers would be and what the challenges of balancing different rights and needs are. The article also includes the definition of the concept of disability in the context of non-discrimination law and examines the dimensions of disability discrimination as defined in international and EU law. The author concludes that international and especially modern EU non-discrimination law establish a wide and inclusive legal framework for dealing with disability discrimination. However, the actual scope of the realisation of international and European legal standards on disability discrimination in each state will depend on the consistency and effectiveness of their national implementation and on the manner of putting them into practice.

Keywords: Persons with disabilities, disability discrimination, international law, EU law, EU member states’ legislations

Gregor Maučec M.A., is a research fellow at the ISCOMET Institute, Maribor, Slovenia

Cite this article:
Maučec Gregor . COMBATING DISCRIMINATION ON THE GROUNDS OF DISABILITY IN INTERNATIONAL AND EU LAW. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:64-76, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art04.pdf

 
PROMOTING SUSTAINABILITY OF TOURISM BY CREATIVE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: HOW FAR IS SLOVENIA? Print E-mail

Romana Korez-Vide

Abstract
In this paper we introduce sustainability dimensions of creative tourism and develop a model of sustainable creative tourism. The concepts of culture-based creativity and sustainability as tools for a value-adding impact on cultural tourism and local culture are discussed in the theoretical part of the paper. Our empirical analysis reveals that higher GDP per capita does not necessary correlate with higher competitiveness of an economy: a comparison analysis of Slovenian and Estonian international competitive positions in various domains shows several weaknesses of Slovenian competitiveness and offers an explanation for indispensable systemic view on tourism competitiveness. Our world wide web analysis of the steps made in creative tourism development in both countries indicates Estonian advantage, which could be taken as an example of good practice. Some suggestions for Slovenian policymaking with regard to institutional support for culture-based creativity and creative tourism development are made in the final part of the paper.

Keywords: sustainability, culture-based creativity, creative tourism, competitiveness, Slovenia.

Romana Korez-Vide, PhD is an Assistant Professor at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Economics and Business (romana.korez-vide(at)uni-mb.si).

Cite this article:
Korez-Vide Romana. PROMOTING SUSTAINABILITY OF TOURISM BY CREATIVE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: HOW FAR IS SLOVENIA?. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:77-102, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art05

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art05.pdf

 
EUROPEAN COMPLIANCE AND POLITICIZATION OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN ROMANIA Print E-mail

Diana - Camelia Iancu

Abstract
This paper addresses the problem of public administration politicization in Romania between 1990 and 2012. The approach taken here is that of Europeanization by conditionality and social learning, and of reform reversal hypothesis where the social learning is absent. This theoretical framework consists, briefly stated, in the belief that the adhering CEE (Central and Eastern European) states are subjected to a” sticks and carrots” mechanism and they respond to it by a (usually high enough) degree of compliance with the EU (European Union) norm. From this, once this mechanism gone (when EU membership is granted) if the social learning was unsuccessful, it is to be expected to observe a regress of reform or a reform reversal. I discuss this reform reversal hypothesis for the Romanian case. The paper is organized as follows: first, I briefly deal with the problem of Europeanization; second, I discuss the problem of the general class of international compliance theories and I analyze the specific case of compliance by Europeanization; third, I discuss the problem of conditionality and conditional regress hypothesis; fourth, I deal with a specific case of European compliance, the problem of civil service’s neutrality in CEE states before and after EU accession; fifth, I address the problem of Romanian public administration reform as a case of reform reversal. The argument I employ here is that the Romania experienced a reversal of reform after joining the EU and that might suggest a poor level of social learning in the case of de-politicization.

Keywords: politicization, public administration, Europeanization, conditionality, reform regress.

Ph.D. Diana – Camelia Iancu is lecturer at the National University of Political and Administrative Studies (NSPAS), Bucharest, Romania. The author would like to express her gratitutde to the helpful comments of Ph.D. Mihai Ungureanu.

Cite this article:
Iancu Diana - Camelia. EUROPEAN COMPLIANCE AND POLITICIZATION OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN ROMANIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:103-117, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art06

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art06

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art06.pdf

 
MARKETING CAPABILITIES FOR INNOVATION-BASED COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN THE SLOVENIAN MARKET Print E-mail

Vojko Potočan

Abstract
The primary role of marketing within the competitive advantage is innovation. The customer value-based differentiation strategies will drive the company’s market research efforts, its selection of target markets, its product development processes, its market communications programs, and its delivery processes. These processes require many specific capabilities that enable the firm to carry out activities necessary to move its products or services through the value chain. We must explore the role of distinctive marketing capabilities in competitive strategy of the company. As sources of competitive advantage, companies try to create their product or service differentiation by developing higher product or service quality, by using their knowledge to solving marketing problems, by communicating with their customers, and by satisfying customer’s needs. We also would like to confirm that superior customer service lead to company’s innovation. The paper closes with the implications of the findings and highlights promising future research avenues.

Keywords: competitive advantage, innovation, marketing capabilities, entrepreneurship, customer service

Vojko Potocan is a Professor at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Economics and Business, Razlagova 20, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Potočan Vojko . MARKETING CAPABILITIES FOR INNOVATION-BASED COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN THE SLOVENIAN MARKET. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:118-134, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art07

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art07
 
View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art07.pdf

 
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