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Issues in 2013


SHOULD WE BE CONSERED ABOUT CHILDREN USE OF INTERNET? – PILOT STUDY Print E-mail

Janez Mekinc ,Tarik Smailbegović , Aldijana Kokić

Abstract

Addiction of internet and problematic internet use is a growing problem in Bosnian scholars. There are many risk factors for addiction and problematic use of Internet found at school and at home. The purpose of this study is to examine scholar's habits and experiences while using the internet and to identify the most common dangers to which children are exposed during a web search. The main risks to which children are exposed while using the internet are: sexual or violent content, direct communication with persons seeking inappropriate relationships, exposure to disturbing, hostile or inappropriate messages, and the isolation of the child due to too frequent and prolonged use of the internet. The study was conducted on a sample of 1,941 scholars from fifth to eight grades in Sarajevo. Problematic use of internet is common among scholars in Sarajevo. Serious risk factors are found at home and at school. The results show that scholars of different ages differ in terms of their use of the internet, owning a Facebook profile, frequency and purposes of internet use, as well as releasing personal information on the internet, confronting pornographic content and internet addiction. Researchers did not find a statistically significant difference between scholars of different ages in experiencing violence on the internet. According to the search results, children whose parents did not pay enough attention to the activities of their children on the internet are more frequently confronted with pornographic content and are more likely to experience violence on the internet and show more signs of internet addiction. Effective measures are needed to prevent the spread of this problem.

Keywords: Internet, Scholars, Addiction, PIU (Problematic Internet Use), Facebook

Ph.D. Janez Mekinc is an assistant professor and researcher at the University of Primorska, Slovenia
Tarik Smailbegović is an researsher at the KJU ''Family advisory center« Sarajevo, Bosna and Hercegovina
Aldijana Kokić is an researsher at the KJU ''Family advisory center« Sarajevo, Bosna and Hercegovina

Cite this article:
Mekinc Janez, Smailbegović Tarik,, Kokić Aldijana. SHOULD WE BE CONSERED ABOUT CHILDREN USE OF INTERNET? – PILOT STUDY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:6-20, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art01.pdf

 
GENDER DIFFERENTIALS IN FACTORS AFFECTING PERFORMANCE OF SMALL-SCALE ENTERPRISES IN LAGOS STATE –NIGERIA Print E-mail

Yusuff Olabisi Sherifat

Abstract

There is a lack of empirical data segregation on factors affecting gender as the variable of interest. However, previous research had indicated several factors that affect business performances among small-scale enterprise owners. Using feminist theory and a descriptive survey research design, data were collected from fifty (50) small-scale enterprise owners that were purposively chosen across the study area. The findings show that the factors that were significant for female were significantly different from male. For female small scale enterprise owners, marital status (64%) Age of Children (68%), Role Model/ advisors (58%) were significant factors that affect their business performance. For male small-scale enterprise owners, Friends (70%), a lack of Government support (80%), inability to display innovativeness (78%) and Risk-Taking (84%) were significant for male. Lack of availability of capital and finances were significant for the two. Other factors that affect performance include friends, inadequate training and business location. Adequate knowledge of factors that affect gender enterprise performance will go a long way in alleviating these problems. Small-scale enterprises should be supported for poverty alleviation, especially among women and for the nation’s economic development

Keywords: Gender, Small-Scale Enterprises, Performance, Lagos State, Nigeria

Yusuff Olabisi Sherifat, department of Sociology, Lagos State University; email address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Sherifat Yusuff Olabisi. GENDER DIFFERENTIALS IN FACTORS AFFECTING PERFORMANCE OF SMALL-SCALE ENTERPRISES IN LAGOS STATE –NIGERIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:21-39, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art02.pdf

 
MOBILE DEVICES AND EFFECTIVE INFORMATION SECURITY Print E-mail

Blaž Markelj , Igor Bernik

Abstract
Rapidly increasing numbers of sophisticated mobile devices (smart phones, tab computers, etc.) all over the world mean that ensuring information security will only become a more pronounced problem for individuals and organizations. It’s important to effectively protect data stored on or accessed by mobile devices, and also during transmission of data between devices and between device and information system. Technological and other trends show, that the cyber threats are also rapidly developing and spreading. It's crucial to educate users about safe usage and to increase their awareness of security issues. Ideally, users should keep-up with technological trends and be well equipped with knowledge otherwise mobile technology will significantly increase security risks. Most important is that we start educating youth so that our next generations of employees will be part of a culture of data and information security awareness.

Keywords: information security, blended threats, mobile devices, awareness.

Blaž Markelj is an assistant at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security (blaz.markelj (at) fvv.uni-mb.si).
Ph.D. Igor Bernik is an Assistent Professor at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security and Vice Dean for Academic Affairs (igor.bernik (at) fvv.uni-mb.si).

Cite this article:
Markelj Blaž, Bernik Igor. MOBILE DEVICES AND EFFECTIVE INFORMATION SECURITY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:40-52, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art03.pdf

 
THE INTEGRATION OF IMMIGRANT CHILDREN IN SLOVENIA: GOOD PRACTICES FROM PRIMARY SCHOOLS Print E-mail

Marijanca Ajša VIŽINTIN

Abstract

European society has always been and still is diverse in many aspects, including language, ethnicity, culture, religion and economics. We may thus speak of diversity both within individual countries and among countries – and also within school classrooms. Immigrant children who enrol in the Slovenian school system come to Slovenia primarily because of the family reunion. This paper sets out four examples of good practices (two urban and two rural schools), where various support systems were developed for the successful integration of immigrant children. The integration of immigrant children has been a success at those schools that are familiar with the possibilities under the law and European guidelines for integration of immigrant children, that seek a variety of ways to cooperate with parents, those schools where teachers take regular and additional training, develop their own intercultural competence and collaborate on a variety of projects. The results are even better if the school has support on the local level, and if intercultural competence is developed among all inhabitants.

Keywords: integration of immigrant children, intercultural competence, Slovenian as a second/foreign language, mother tongue and culture, active citizenship

PhD student, research assistant at the Slovenian Migration Institute at the Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SMI SRC SASA), Novi trg 2, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Vižintin Marijanca Ajša. THE INTEGRATION OF IMMIGRANT CHILDREN IN SLOVENIA: GOOD PRACTICES FROM PRIMARY SCHOOLS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:53-68, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art04.pdf

 
UNIFORMITY ASSUMPTIONS AND THE MUSGRAVE MÄKI-HINDRIKS DEBATE Print E-mail

Mihai Ungureanu

Abstract

In this paper I address the problem of the unrealisticness of assumptions in neoclassical economics . Being accused of using highly unrealistic assumptions in its models, neoclassical economics replied through what later was called the F-twist. Shortly stated, it was claimed that descriptively unrealistic assumptions are ubiquitous in other sciences also, and that economics should be concerned with its predictions instead of its assumptions. The immediate implication of this statement was that all unrealistic assumptions are the same – they are harmlessly unrealistic. Philosophers of economics vivaciously debated this claim and argued that economics made use of several kinds of assumptions which ”had better be true” . Building on this debate I introduce the notion of uniformity assumptions and I argue that in certain conditions they ”had better be true”.

Keywords: unrealistic assumptions, uniformity assumptions, neoclassical economics.

Ph.D. Mihai Ungureanu is lecturer at the National University of Political and Administrative Studies (NSPAS), Bucharest, Romania.

Cite this article:
Ungureanu Mihai . UNIFORMITY ASSUMPTIONS AND THE MUSGRAVE-MÄKI-HINDRIKS DEBATE. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:69-81, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art05 

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art05.pdf

 
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