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TOWARDS THE CONCEPT OF A STRATEGY OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Print E-mail

Borut Rončević 

Absstract
Strategic processes are social processes. They are eventuating in a special field between individual and collective actors and the emergent social structures. The analysis must therefore take both micro and macro level into account. Social dimensions of these processes can be explained by the “social becoming” approach to analysis of social reality. Within this approach strategy is located on the level of agency, between individuality and totality. This is the reason for “path-dependent” nature of strategic processes and of development, implying “choice within constraints” approach. Strategic actors have freedom of strategic choice, but this choice is constrained by the social structures and culture. However, strategic steering is only a potentiality. Whether it will transform to actuality depends on a number of socio-cultural factors. One important factor in this respect is social capital. It is performing two roles. First, it enables cooperation that is needed for successful strategic steering. It enables formation of multi-functional alliances in the from of business clusters and developmental coalitions. They are the prerequisite for intensive processes of social learning and search for complementarity on the basis of divergent interests. This increases adaptability of modern societies. Hence, social capital is and important policy resource and policies designed to promote social capital can be an important segment of developmental performance.
 
Key words: strategic steering, social processes, strategy, social becoming, path-dependency
 
Borut Rončević is director of University and Research Centre Novo mesto and associate professor at the Faculty of Applied Social Studies in Nova Gorica, Slovenia.

Cite this article:
Rončević Borut. Towards the concept of a strategy of social development. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.3:17-36, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no3-art02.pdf

 

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