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STATE’S ROLES IN ENGAGING FOREIGN INVESTORS IN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: A CASE STUDY OF MYANMAR Print E-mail

Xiaowen Zhang, Zitong Li, Wanda Siu, Yuewen Wang

Abstract

This research examines the Myanmar civilian government’s changing roles in shaping Chinese companies’ corporate social responsibility (CSR) behaviors between 2011 and 2020. Based on empirical evidence gathered from surveys and interviews, it reveals two findings. First, Myanmar’s democratic transition and economic reform since March 2011 has intensified competition among foreign investors and emboldened social scrutiny over foreign investment, which has clarified the Myanmar government’s roles in promoting sustainable investment. Second, the Myanmar government has engaged Chinese investors in CSR by enforcing mandatory rules in foreign investment regulations and creating an environment for stakeholders’ scrutiny over corporate behavior. The “hard” and “soft” incentives have motivated Chinese companies to adopt CSR to develop “competitive edge” among foreign investors and respond to public scrutiny (Porter and Kramer, 2007). The Myanmar government has assumed four roles to engage foreign investors in CSR: mandating role to embed CSR as a prerequisite for approving foreign investment, endorsing role to embrace an international CSR agenda and best practices, as well as facilitating role and partnering role in Chinese companies’ CSR implementation.

Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, Myanmar, China, state, foreign investment


[1] Xiaowen Zhang is the Director of the Sustainable Enterprises for Earth and Development Institute (SEED) of Phoenix Satellite TV ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ).

[2] Zitong Li is a researcher at the Sustainable Enterprises for Earth and Development Institute (SEED) of Phoenix Satellite TV ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ).

[3] Wanda Siu is the Research Director of the Sustainable Enterprises for Earth and Development Institute (SEED) of Phoenix Satellite TV ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ).

[4] Yuewen Wang is a Master of Public Administration candidate at Cornell University ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ).

Cite this article:
Zhang Xiaowen, Li Zitong, Siu Wanda, Yuewen Wang . STATE’S ROLES IN ENGAGING FOREIGN INVESTORS IN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: A CASE STUDY OF MYANMAR . Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol., no.:363-393,

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5718596
View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2021-no-art21.pdf

 

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